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UN Model Legislative Provisions to support the needs and protect the rights of victims of terrorism

Updated: Sep 22, 2022

The Model Legislative Provisions (MLP) is a project of the United Nations office on Counter-terrorism (UNOCT), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Impact Litigation undertook desk research by mapping good practice examples from 45 different states, spanning all the continents. Then expert consultations got underway which took place in July 2020, and between November 2020 - January 2021. The consultations included participation of national institutions, parliaments, civil society organizations including victims’ associations and victims, academic institutions as well as experts from the United Nations and other regional organizations.

After the expert consultations by theme, a core group of experts (staff from United Nations Entities, representatives of victims’ associations and victims) provided technical support to guide the drafting process of the Model Legislative Provisions. Experts came from a wide range of backgrounds. The victims who participated had multiple different experiences stemming from plane hijackings to terrorist attacks while in a foreign country, to domestic terrorism. This gave us fundamental insight on how best to make sure the MLP applied to all cases of terrorism and to all victims. This also ensured that the provisions are victim centric. The input from parliamentarians and practitioners working for various government agencies gave us the information we needed to ensure that the provisions were feasible and could see a smooth implementation.

These provisions are addressed to States, for the benefit of all victims of terrorism on the territory of a State and are guided by the principle of non-discrimination.

Impact Litigation is currently working on the implementation phase.


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